The Ancient Sumerian tablet of Nippur: The oldest description of the Great Flood

Many people are completely unaware of the fact that the first and most ancient story of the Great Deluge originated in ancient Sumeria. According to ancient inscriptions, it was ‘Eridu’, –modern day Abu Shahrein, Iraq– where the gods created the first city on the planet. Eridu was home to the ancient Sumerian God Enki, who erected the city in 5400 BC.

The ancient Sumerian Nippur tablet describes the oldest account of the Great Flood and the creation of both humans and animals on our planet and records the names of Antediluvian cities on earth and their respective rulers:


According to the Ancient Sumerian King List, Eridu was the home city of the first kings: “After the kingship descended from heaven, the kingship was in Eridu”.

The story of the great deluge or great flood can be found in the accounts of the Eridu Genesis, the ancient Sumerian texts which accurately describes the creation of the world, the foundation of the cities and the mighty flood that swept across the land.

The Eridu Genesis, which is believed to have been composed circa 2,300 BCE, is the earliest known account of the Great Flood predating the more popular Great Flood described in the biblical book of Genesis.

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As of 2300 BC we discover numerous written records of the creation of man, mighty cities and the flood that destroyed everything. Referred to by mainstream scholars as the Nippur Tablet, the ancient clay tablet recovered from the ancient city of Nippur is the only existing ancient document of the Sumerian Flood Story. It contains six columns of written text, three per side with approximately 10 to 15 lines in each column and is written in ancient Sumerian. The ancient clay tablet does not only describe the oldest account of the Great Flood, but it also describes the creation of both humans and animals on our planet and records the names of Antediluvian cities on earth and their respective rulers:


After Anu, Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag had fashioned the black-headed people, Vegetation sprang from the earth, Animals, four-legged creatures of the plain, Were brought artfully into existence [37 lines are unreadable]

After the….of kingship had been lowered from heaven After the exalted crown and the throne of kingship Had been lowered from heaven, He perfected the rites and exalted the divine ordinances… He founded the five cities in pure places,… Then did Nintu weep like a…. The pure Inanna set up a lament for its people; Enki took council with himself, Anu, Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag…. The gods of heaven and earth uttered the name of Anu and Enlil Then did Ziusudra, the king, the priest of…, Build, a giant…; Humbly obedient, reverently he… Attending daily, constantly he…, Bringing forth all kinds of dreams, he…, Uttering the name of heaven and earth, he…[…] the gods a wall…, Ziusudra, standing at its side, listened. “Stand by the wall at my left side…, By the wall I will say a word to you, Take my word, Give ear to my instructions: By our…a flood will sweep over the cult- enters; To destroy the seed of mankind…, Is the decision, the word of the assembly of the gods. By the word commanded by Anu and Enlil…, Its kingship, its rule will be put to an end.

[about 40 lines missing] All the windstorms, exceedingly powerful, Attacked as one, At the same time, the flood sweeps over the cult-centers. After, for seven days, the flood sweeps over the cult centers. After, for seven days and seven nights, The flood had swept over the land, And the huge boat had been tossed About by the windstorms on the great waters, Utu came forth, who sheds light on heaven and earth, Ziusudra opened a window of the huge boat, The hero Utu brought his rays into the giant boat. Ziusudra, the king, Prostrated himself before Utu.

[about 40 lines missing] All the windstorms, exceedingly powerful, Attacked as one, At the same time, the flood sweeps over the cult-centers. After, for seven days, the flood sweeps over the cult centers. After, for seven days and seven nights, The flood had swept over the land, And the huge boat had been tossed About by the windstorms on the great waters, Utu came forth, who sheds light on heaven and earth, Ziusudra opened a window of the huge boat, The hero Utu brought his rays into the giant boat. Ziusudra, the king, Prostrated himself before Utu.

 

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